He suggests his posting was with the 72 Inf Div, but with a “?” Actually the 72 Inf Div were further south at Odessa, it was the 71. The launch date for this operation was set for 18 May 1942. Realizing the risk of having entire armies surrounded, Stalin authorized the withdraw, but by that time the Soviet forces were already started to be closed in. A major Soviet offensive toward Kharkov, Ukraine was launched, beginning with an aerial and artillery bombardment between 0630 and 0730 hours, followed by the ground assault. Soviet troops advanced 10 kilometers toward Kharkov, Ukraine. In January 1943, the once-invincible German Wehrmacht was reeling, being pushed back across a 175-mile portion of the Russian front by the Red Army. On the German side, the German 6th Army saw 16 of its battalions nearly wiped out, while the Soviet troops were so battered that the field generals determined that they must switch to a defensive posture for several hours to regroup. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Lava's technical capabilities. Semyon Timoshenko requested for permission to fall back from his positions near Kharkov, Ukraine due to this latest German counteroffensive; Joseph Stalin refused to grant his permission, ordering Timoshenko to continue the westward offensive. The battle resulted in the German defense of the city and also the encirclement of numerous Soviet troops. German 14th Division and 16th Panzer Division, moving northward, and German 3rd Panzer Division and 23rd Panzer Division, moving southward, linked up, thus completing the encirclement of the Soviet 6th Army and 57th Army at Izium, Ukraine. In Operation Fridericus, German 1st Panzer Army attacked Soviet troops at Izium, Ukraine, breaching the Soviet lines and capturing Barvenkovo. At 0730 hours, the ground offensive began, meeting tough German defense from the start. On 20 May, the nearly surrounded Soviet forces mounted counteroffensives, but none of the attempts were successful in breaking through the German lines. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB. ww2dbaseOn 17 May, the German 3rd Panzer Corps and XXXXIV Army Corps under the command of Fedor von Bock, supported by aircraft, arrived, enabling the Germans to launch Operation Fridericus, pushing back the Soviet Barvenkovo bridgehead to the south. and useful information about WW2. The first stage encompassed the destruction of the Soviet spearheads, which had over-extended themselves through their offensive. German losses were much smaller than the Soviets, with over 20,000 killed, wounded, or captured. The spearhead of the Soviet offensive continued toward Kharkov, however, despite the actions behind it. What was known to the Germans as the Donets Campaign took place between 19 February and 15 March 1943. The Soviets achieved some small victories on 21 and 22 May, but by 24 May, they were surrounded near Kharkov. Soviet General … A Soviet army group, cut off inside the Barvenkovo pocket, was exterminated from all sides by German firepower. Soviet troops trapped at Izium, Ukraine made a major attempt to break the encirclement in failure, and the continued German pressured reduced the Soviet pocket to an area roughly 10 miles wide and 2 miles deep. The Soviet strength for the offensive was about 640,000 men, supported by 1,500 tanks and 1,000 aircraft. By the end of 14 May, both sides had suffered serious casualties. German troops captured Lozovenka near Kharkov, Ukraine. German 6th Army and 1st Panzer Army captured Protopopovka, Ukraine, further threatening the Soviet troops at Izium with encirclement. German strength in the general area was about 300,000 men, supported by 1,000 tanks and 1,500 aircraft. Soviet troops at Izium, Ukraine were completed surrounded by German troops. Troops began to build up in the region for this attack through the beginning of May 1942, and by 11 May, six armies supported by various independent rifle, tank, and cavalry units gathered. Near Kharkov, Ukraine, the Soviet 28th Army's offensive was halted. Copyright © 2004-2020 Lava Development, LLC., all rights reserved, See all 7 photographs of Second Battle of Kharkov. By 11 May 1942, the Red Army was able to allocate six armies under two fronts, amongst other formations. There were also three independent rifle divisions and a rifle regiment from the 270th Rifle Division, concentrated in the area, supported by the 2nd Cavalry Corps in Bogdanovka. A surprise German pincer movement threatened to trap a large contingent of Soviet troops at Izium near Kharkov, Ukraine. Please consider supporting us on Patreon. In mid-Mar 1942, Soviet commanders introduced preliminary plans for an offensive toward the Ukrainian city of Kharkov to be led by Marshal Semyon Timoshenko. Soviet troops in the pocket at Izium, Ukraine captured Lozovenka to the east during their breakout attempt, but overall German pressure caused the pocket to shrink to the size of about 15 square kilometers. Soviet troops attempted a renewed offensive toward Kharkov, Ukraine, but failing to regain momentum. When all actions were wrapped up, the Germans would count over 200,000 prisoners of war, 1,200 tanks, and 2,000 artillery pieces captured. The Soviet Southern Front German intelligence gained knowledge of such an offensive and the Germany military prepared for a defense. Please refrain from using strong language. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. The Soviets continued to make break out attempts, but they were frustrated by German aircraft. The second stage included the recapture of Kharkov, while the third stage was designed to attack the Soviet forces at Kursk, in conjunction with Army Group Center—this final stage was ultimately called off due to the advent of th… Second, it is to showcase C. Peter Chen of Lava Development, LLC. On 19 May, Paulus launched a general offensive to the north as Bock's troops advanced in the south, thus attempting to surround the Soviets in the Izium salient. Six Soviet armies supported by various independent rifle, tank, and cavalry units gathered in preparation of an offensive toward Kharkov, Ukraine. The Second Battle of Kharkov was a battle that took place between Germany and the Soviet Union. By 11 May, the 21st Tank Corps had been moved into the region with the 23rd Tank Corps, with another 269 tanks. ww2dbaseOn 12 May, the Russians struck first. On the subject, Zhukov sums up in his memoirs that the failure of this operation was quite predictable, since the offensive was organized very ineptly, the risk of exposing the left flank of the Iziu… To the south, Soviet 6th Guards Cavalry Corps reached Krasnograd, but their support tanks were 15 miles behind the front lines and could not arrive at the front fast enough to maintain the forward momentum.