apollo 11 launch site

Five minutes into the descent burn, and 6,000 feet (1,800 m) above the surface of the Moon, the LM guidance computer (LGC) distracted the crew with the first of several unexpected 1201 and 1202 program alarms. [10] Armstrong initially had some difficulties squeezing through the hatch with his portable life support system (PLSS). "[257] On August 7, 2009, an act of Congress awarded the three astronauts a Congressional Gold Medal, the highest civilian award in the United States. He described the view with the simple phrase: "Magnificent desolation. After Aldrin and Armstrong completed their EVA, Collins slept so he could be rested for the rendezvous.

[80] The best Earth-bound telescopes could not resolve features with the resolution Project Apollo required.

[158], Mission Control used a coded phrase to warn Armstrong his metabolic rates were high, and that he should slow down. And for people all over the world, I am sure that they too join with Americans in recognizing what an immense feat this is.

Nixon: Hello, Neil and Buzz.

[256] "We expect that there is, as we speak, another generation of kids out there who are looking up at the sky and are going to be the next Armstrong, Collins, and Aldrin", Obama said.

And as you talk to us from the Sea of Tranquility, it inspires us to redouble our efforts to bring peace and tranquility to Earth. [42] In March 1969, Apollo 9 put the lunar module through its paces in Earth orbit,[43] and in May Apollo 10 conducted a "dress rehearsal" in lunar orbit. "[151] Nixon originally had a long speech prepared to read during the phone call, but Frank Borman, who was at the White House as a NASA liaison during Apollo 11, convinced Nixon to keep his words brief.[152]. [143] Film taken from the LM ascent stage upon liftoff from the Moon reveals the American flag, planted some 25 feet (8 m) from the descent stage, whipping violently in the exhaust of the ascent stage engine. Having the rendezvous radar on (so it was warmed up in case of an emergency landing abort) should have been irrelevant to the computer, but an electrical phasing mismatch between two parts of the rendezvous radar system could cause the stationary antenna to appear to the computer as dithering back and forth between two positions, depending upon how the hardware randomly powered up. It's an honor for us to be able to participate here today. Apollo 11 was launched by a Saturn V rocket from Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, Florida, on July 16 at 13:32 UTC, and it was the fifth crewed mission of NASA's Apollo program.

As he got closer, now 250 feet (76 m) above the surface, he discovered his new landing site had a crater in it. We would like to give special thanks to all those Americans who built the spacecraft; who did the construction, design, the tests, and put their hearts and all their abilities into those craft. [120], When Armstrong again looked outside, he saw that the computer's landing target was in a boulder-strewn area just north and east of a 300-foot-diameter (91 m) crater (later determined to be West crater), so he took semi-automatic control. [221] Mstislav Keldysh said in July 1969, "We are concentrating wholly on the creation of large satellite systems." On arrival aboard Hornet, the party was greeted by the Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Command (CINCPAC), Admiral John S. McCain Jr., and NASA Administrator Thomas O. Paine, who flew to Hornet from Pago Pago in one of Hornet's carrier onboard delivery aircraft. [155] Then Armstrong walked 196 feet (60 m) from the LM to snap photos at the rim of Little West Crater while Aldrin collected two core samples. [68], An illustrator at the Manned Spacecraft Center (MSC) did the artwork, which was then sent off to NASA officials for approval.

ACA—out of detent."

In Mission Control during the Apollo 11 landing, Kennedy's speech flashed on the screen, followed by the words "TASK ACCOMPLISHED, July 1969". The countdown became automated at three minutes and twenty seconds before launch time.

Apollo splashed back down safely in the Pacific Ocean on 24 July.

[254] The John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum set up an Adobe Flash website that rebroadcasts the transmissions of Apollo 11 from launch to landing on the Moon. Command module pilot Michael Collins flew the Command Module Columbia alone in lunar orbit while they were on the Moon's surface. The launch complex was floodlit on the night of July 15, when the crawler-transporter carried the mobile service structure back to its parking area. [115][116] Margaret Hamilton, the Director of Apollo Flight Computer Programming at the MIT Charles Stark Draper Laboratory later recalled: To blame the computer for the Apollo 11 problems is like blaming the person who spots a fire and calls the fire department. The astronauts then collected rock samples using scoops and tongs on extension handles. At this time NASA was still fighting a lawsuit brought by atheist Madalyn Murray O'Hair (who had objected to the Apollo 8 crew reading from the Book of Genesis) demanding that their astronauts refrain from broadcasting religious activities while in space.

They took photographs, planted the US flag, spoke to President Richard Nixon via radio transmission and spent a couple of hours walking and collecting dust and rocks. Aldrin remarked that moving from sunlight into Eagle's shadow produced no temperature change inside the suit, but the helmet was warmer in sunlight, so he felt cooler in shadow. [6] Just before the Apollo 12 flight, it was noted that Eagle was still likely to be orbiting the Moon. ", "Report: Humans have left 500,000 pounds of 'trash' on the Moon", "An Audience with Neil Armstrong (2011 interview)", "Neil Armstrong's widow discovers moon camera in cupboard", "Lunar Surface Flown Apollo 11 Artifacts From the Neil Armstrong Estate", "The Armstrong Purse: Flown Apollo 11 Lunar Artifacts", "Apollo 11 Partial Restoration HD Videos (Downloads)", "Sound restored to mission control film shot during Apollo 11 Moon landing", "Apollo 11 Crew Meets With President Obama", "Obama Hails Apollo Crew From a Lens of Childhood", "Text of S.951 as Engrossed in Senate: New Frontier Congressional Gold Medal Act—U.S. [139] The signal was received at Goldstone in the United States, but with better fidelity by Honeysuckle Creek Tracking Station near Canberra in Australia. [160], After more than ​21 1⁄2 hours on the lunar surface, in addition to the scientific instruments, the astronauts left behind: an Apollo 1 mission patch in memory of astronauts Roger Chaffee, Gus Grissom, and Edward White, who died when their command module caught fire during a test in January 1967; two memorial medals of Soviet cosmonauts Vladimir Komarov and Yuri Gagarin, who died in 1967 and 1968 respectively; a memorial bag containing a gold replica of an olive branch as a traditional symbol of peace; and a silicon message disk carrying the goodwill statements by Presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon along with messages from leaders of 73 countries around the world.

[96][97] The CSM was mated on January 29, and moved from the Operations and Checkout Building to the Vehicle Assembly Building on April 14. For all of us must work to put him there. "[12] Aldrin joined him on the surface and tested methods for moving around, including two-footed kangaroo hops. The Space Race had ended, and Cold War tensions were easing as the US and Soviet Union entered the era of détente. Thanks a lot."[7][130].

Watched on television by millions around the world, Neil Armstrong was the first to set foot on the Moon, famously saying, “That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.”.

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