rose festival bulgaria wikipedia

[8], The first time the festival was held, in 1961, the prize-winning film was We Were Young. [7] The 34th Golden Rose Film Festival was held September 19 to 25, 2016. The Shipka Memorial church was ceremoniously consecrated on 27 September 1902. Bulgaria still supplies 90 percent of the world's rose attar, and roses are raised for food and medicinal purposes as well. Although the average altitude is 350 m (1,150 ft), here it reaches up to 500 m (1,600 ft). According to The Ultimate Visual Encyclopedia, Bulgaria is the major supplier of a certain type of rose oil in the world and Kazanlak's rose gardens are the largest rose gardens in the whole world. For more information, please contact the tourism department of the municipality of Kazanlak. The arable lands related to this soil type are inclined and that leads to the degradable effect of the plane, linear and ravine erosion. He was at the head of a small group of rebels fighting the numerous Turkish enemy. The house was declared a museum the year after his death, in 1968, and now has the status of a national historical cultural landmark, as confirmed by Protocol 15 of the State Records for 3 December 1968. Rose Festival May-June According to legend, a Persian trader brought rose bush cuttings to the Balkans hundreds of years ago to provide attar for his lady's perfume. The tomb is part of a large Thracian necropolis. The Bulgarian climate is temperate, with average temperatures from 0 °C (32 °F) to 1.5 °C (34.7 °F) in January, and 21 °C (70 °F) in July. Bulgaria’s Rose Valley­ stretches for about 87 miles across a narrow interval between the Balkan mountain range, dressing up in pink every May and June. The total length of its Bulgarian section is 349.5 km (217.2 mi), and its drainage basin area is 7,834 km2 (3,025 sq mi). The Kazanlak Valley was formed during the Quaternary Period with the rise of the Balkan and Sredna Gora Mountains and the submergence of the Fore-Balkan fields. At Koprinka dam it is 9.5 cubic metres (2,100 imp gal) per second on average or about 300,000,000 cubic metres (6.6×1010 imp gal) per year; at the village of Knezha it is 31.14 cubic metres (6,850 imp gal) per second or 1,200,000,000 cubic metres (2.6×1011 imp gal) per year. The museum exposition includes original pictures and documents of the development of rose production, instruments for processing of the rose gardens, vessels for storing and exporting rose oil and rose water. Buzludzha with its numerous chalets, rest homes and hotels offers excellent opportunities for the lovers of winter sports and tourism. The 2020 Rose Festival is canceled due to the COVID-19 worldwide pandemic, click here for the official release (in Bulgarian) of the major of Kazanlak Galina Stoyanova. Temporary exhibitions with valuable articles from this museum and loan-collections are arranged during the active tourist season. Kazanlak (Bulgarian: Казанлъ̀к, Kazanlǎk, Thracian and Greek Σευθόπολις (Seuthopolis), Turkish: Kazanlık) is a Bulgarian town in Stara Zagora Province, located in the middle of the plain of the same name, at the foot of the Balkan mountain range, at the eastern end of the Rose Valley. The national Shipka-Buzludza park-museum includes Shipka Memorial Church (or Church of the Nativity) near the town of Shipka, Shipka National Park, Freedom Monument near the village of Sheinovo, and Buzludza National Park. These are just the conditions found in Bulgaria’s Rose Valley, with two rivers and mountains shielding against atmospheric volatility. The Rose Festival is one of the most remarkable events in Bulgaria, dedicated to beauty and flowers, to spring and the fragrance of the priceless Kazanlak rose. They cover two-thirds of the searched territory and this is an obstruction to the town growth. These tributaries (especially the Eninska river) are characterised by plenty of alluvial formations. The Bulgarian ‘’attar’’ of roses is a major component in the perfumery business throughout the world. Photo Credit. After 1370 Kazanlak was under Ottoman dominion. [8] A statuette for the Golden Rose was designed by sculptor Vezhdi Rashidov. Here there are more than 15,000 original manuscripts, paintings, sketches, letters, books, and personal effects that belonged to Chudomir and his wife, the artist Mara Chorbadzhiiska. The monument's expositions relate the story of Russian soldiers' and Bulgarian volunteers' heroism during the five-month defence of the pass. But what the real rose picking looks like? The Rose Valley (Bulgarian: Розова долина, Rozova dolina) is a region in Bulgaria located just south of the Balkan Mountains and the eastern part of the lower Sredna Gora chain to the south. The Rose Festival was celebrated for the first time in 1903 and since then it has traditionally been held during the first weekend of June. [9] The top award was originally called the Special Award of the Festival, but in 1963 the name was changed to "Golden Rose". Eagerly sought by cosmetics and fragrance producers such as Dr. Hauschka and Estée Lauder, the oil remains highly priced. Its style and its making are entirely new to us as experts," said Georgi Kitov, the head of the team. [6] It is also referred to as the Grand Prix. Itinerary - Rose Festival Tour 04 - 08.06.2020 5 day/4 … The Main Event in 2021 will happen on the 1st weekend of … There are various soil types, mostly maroon soils (about 50%) which are very suitable for growing oleaginous cultures and herbs. The highest rainfall is in June, and the lowest in February and March. The central area is narrower and lower, and the relief of the eastern area is much more complex. It takes place in the Rose Valley, which according to Wikipedia, “is a region in Bulgaria located just south of the Balkan Mountains and the eastern part of the lower Sredna Gora chain to the south” and I have to agree, good job Wikipedia. More than 70 silver, gold and bronze objects, which were used as ritual offering to the gods, were discovered during the excavations. Iskra Library – one of the oldest libraries in Bulgaria, founded in 1860, now holds over 500 volumes. In 1961 a monument was built here to commemorate this act of heroism. It’s open to you, but it’s not all up to you. Bulgarian Festivals: Rose Festival. On the top of the mount at Shipka rises the "Freedom Monument". In the 17th century, a Turkish merchant brought the flower to Bulgaria, where it’s now unofficially called Rosa kazanlika, in honor of its breeding ground. The town is among the 15 biggest industrial centres in Bulgaria, with a population of 44,760 people as of Dec 2017. The lifestyle of the late 19th and early 20th century inhabitants of the region is shown in the restored houses from the time of the Bulgarian Renaissance. Prominent among Kazanlak's manufacturers is Arsenal Corp. Read our guide to the Bulgarian Rose Valley to the make the most of your trip to this beautiful area. Kazanlak rose oil has won gold medals at expositions in Paris, London, Philadelphia, Antwerp, Laet, and Milan. Krastina Malcheva, assistant engineer at the National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology, explains that even small shifts in the valley’s climate could impact rose production. The average annual water quantity of the Eninska river at the village of Enina is 0.75 cubic metres (160 imp gal) per second. Nowadays the Rose Museum stores more than 15 000 exponents related to rose-picking and rose-production in Bulgaria. [9] The top award was originally called the Special Award of the Festival, but in 1963 the name was changed to "Golden Rose". This region is characterised mainly by cinnamon-forest soil. Visitors can try some of the rose industry products – jam, liqueur, and gyulovitsa (rose brandy). The modern city dates back to the beginning of the 15th century. “There has been a general trend of rising temperatures in June and while there has been more heavy rainfall in May over the past 15 years, if examining the entirety of last century’s data, we see a slight overall decrease in rainfall alongside a rise in temperatures.”, This year’s rose-picking season was a full week shorter for Tachev and Aleksandrova, who suspect the drier, hotter conditions stimulated faster blooming.“We have to [work] faster, with more laborers, and there aren’t more laborers because everyone has roses to pick,” says Aleksandrova. More than 50 handcrafts developed such as tanning, coppersmithing, goldsmithing, frieze weaving, shoemaking, cooperage and, of course, rose cultivation. Distilleries describe an oversaturated market, with more rose gardens popping up each year, but farmers remain suspicious that the distilleries have colluded to lower the purchase price of roses. This is the only museum in Bulgaria dedicated to both literature and art, and it is also the headquarters of the respected Chudomir Cultural Foundation. The summer temperatures are moderate and the average summer rainfall is rather high, especially at the beginning of summer. According to the locals Petar Arnaudov and Ivan Hlebarov, the geog… National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology. 2020 Rose Festival. The whole week is filled with different attractions every day. The seated woman of the murals is depicted on the reverse of the Bulgarian 50 stotinki coin issued in 2005.[7]. The traditional buildings there constitute the Koulata Ethnographic Complex, restored and open to visitors since 1976. It is a very important part of Bulgarian history – here, on 30 July 1868, Hadzhi Dimitar fell in battle. There are granite pits near the villages of Kanchevo and Bouzovgrad. The Golden Rose Bulgarian Feature Film Festival (Bulgarian: Фестивалът на българския игрален филм „Златна роза“) is held in Varna in September or October. These temperature amplitudes during the flowering period provoke the production of rose oil, which the plant forms as a defense reaction. One hailstorm and it’s gone.”, Beautiful Pictures From Europe's Valley of Roses. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. The golden domes and the green and pink façade loom against the mountains and attract the attention of the travelers in the Shipka pass. Nowadays the Rose Festival has evolved into an international event where thousands of tourists and guests of the town are entertained. Rose Queen Mihaela Hadzhieva waves from center stage on her pink throne during the parade. There is one rose oil factory in Kazanlak. After the symbolic burial ceremony, the temple was closed and the entrance sealed and buried. The Golden Rose Bulgarian Feature Film Festival (Bulgarian: Фестивалът на българския игрален филм „Златна роза“) is held in Varna in September or October. The charming cobbled Mirska Street is in the oldest part of the city – Koulata District, near the world-famous Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak. The country is one of the biggest producers of rose oil in the whole world. Among the town's more interesting attractions is the house of the acclaimed Bulgarian writer, artist, and activist Dimitar Chorbadzhiiski, whose pen name was Chudomir (1890–1967). The tomb is situated near the ancient Thracian capital of Seuthopolis in a region where more than a thousand tombs of kings and members of the Thracian aristocracy can be found. The Golden Rose Bulgarian Feature Film Festival (Bulgarian: Фестивалът на българския игрален филм „Златна роза“[1]) is held in Varna in September or October.

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